# mdtraj.formats.DTRTrajectoryFile¶

class mdtraj.formats.DTRTrajectoryFile

Interface for reading and writing to a DESMOND dtr file. This is a file-like object, that both reading or writing depending on the mode flag. It implements the context manager protocol, so you can also use it with the python ‘with’ statement.

The conventional units in the dtr file are angstroms and degrees. The format supports saving coordinates and unit cell parameters (lengths and angles)

Parameters: filename : string Path to the file to open mode : {‘r’, ‘w’} Mode in which to open the file. ‘r’ is for reading, and ‘w’ is for writing. force_overwrite : bool In mode=’w’, how do you want to behave if a file by the name of filename already exists? if force_overwrite=True, it will be overwritten.

High-level wrapper that returns a md.Trajectory

Examples

>>> # read a single frame, and then read the remaining frames
>>> f = DTRTrajectoryFile('mytrajectory.dtr', 'r')
>>> f.close()

>>> # read all of the data with automatic closing of the file
>>> with DTRTrajectoryFile('mytrajectory.dtr') as f:
>>>    xyz, cell_lengths, cell_angles = f.read()

>>> # write some xyz coordinates to a new file
>>> with DTRTrajectoryFile('mytrajectory2.dtr. 'w') as f:
>>>     f.write(np.random.randn(10,3,3))

>>> # write frames one at a time
>>> with DTRTrajectoryFile('mytrajectory2.dtr. 'w') as f:
>>>     n_frames, n_atoms = 5, 10
>>>     for i in range(n_frames):
>>>         f.write(np.random.randn(n_atoms, 3))

__init__()

x.__init__(...) initializes x; see help(type(x)) for signature

Methods

 close Close the dtr file handle get_times Reading chemical times associated with all frames. read([n_frames, stride, atom_indices]) Read the data from a DTR file read_as_traj(topology[, n_frames, stride, ...]) Read a trajectory from a DTR file seek(offset[, whence]) Move to a new file position tell Current file position write(xyz[, cell_lengths, cell_angles, times]) Write one or more frames of data to the dtr file

Attributes

 distance_unit
close()

Close the dtr file handle

get_times()

Reading chemical times associated with all frames.

Returns: times : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames), dtype=float64 The chemical time for each frame.

Read the data from a DTR file

Parameters: n_frames : int, optional If positive, then read only the next n_frames frames. Otherwise read all of the frames in the file. stride : np.ndarray, optional Read only every stride-th frame. atom_indices : array_like, optional If not none, then read only a subset of the atoms coordinates from the file. This may be slightly slower than the standard read because it required an extra copy, but will save memory. xyz : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, n_atoms, 3), dtype=float32 The xyz coordinates of each atom in each frame. By convention, the coordinates in the dtr file are stored in units of angstroms. times: np.array, shape=(n_frames), dtype=float64 The chemical time in each frame. cell_lengths : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, 3), dtype=float32 The length of the box in each frame. cell_lengths[i,0] is the length of the A axis (in frame i), and cell_lengths[i,1] and cell_lengths[i,2] are the B and C axis respectively. By convention, the cell lengths in the dtr file are stored in units of angstroms. cell_angles : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, 3), dtype=float32 Organized analogously to cell_lengths. Gives the alpha, beta and gamma angles respectively in entries cell_angles[i,0], cell_angles[i,1], cell_angles[i,2]. By convention, the cell angles in the dtr file are stored in units of degrees.

Read a trajectory from a DTR file

Parameters: topology : Topology The system topology n_frames : int, optional If positive, then read only the next n_frames frames. Otherwise read all of the frames in the file. stride : np.ndarray, optional Read only every stride-th frame. atom_indices : array_like, optional If not none, then read only a subset of the atoms coordinates from the file. This may be slightly slower than the standard read because it required an extra copy, but will save memory. trajectory : Trajectory A trajectory object containing the loaded portion of the file.
seek(offset, whence=0)

Move to a new file position

Parameters: offset : int A number of frames. whence : {0, 1, 2} 0: offset from start of file, offset should be >=0. 1: move relative to the current position, positive or negative 2: move relative to the end of file, offset should be <= 0.
tell()

Current file position

Returns: offset : int The current frame in the file.
write(xyz, cell_lengths=None, cell_angles=None, times=None)

Write one or more frames of data to the dtr file

Parameters: xyz : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, n_atoms, 3) The cartesian coordinates of the atoms to write. By convention, the lengths should be in units of angstroms. cell_lengths : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, 3), dtype=float32 The length of the periodic box in each frame, in each direction, a, b, c. By convention the lengths should be in units of angstroms. cell_angles : np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames, 3), dtype=float32 Organized analogously to cell_lengths. Gives the alpha, beta and gamma angles respectively. By convention, the angles should be in units of degrees. times: np.ndarray, shape=(n_frames), dtype=float64 The chemical time in each frame. It must be stored in ascending order.
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